Delhi- India's Historical City
Delhi is the capital city of India and is regarded as the heart of the nation. The city is popular for its enriched culture and heritage. The city hosts some famous historical monuments and is developing with the passing of time.
A history which encompasses all the various kings and emperors who fixed their royal citadels here-- Indraprastha, Lal Kot, Quila Rai Pithora, Siri, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad, Ferozabad, Dinpanah, Delhi Sher Shahi or then Shahjahanabad. but, combined and integrated into one, these 'new cities' have always been called Delhi and howsoever many names it may have acquired, Delhi has always been intrinsically identified with power and imperial sway.
Mughal Emperor Shahjahan founded Old Delhi in 1639 which was formerly known as Shahjahanabad. Till the end of Mughal dynasty it remained the capital of the Mughals. During ancient times, the city was known for housing exquisitely designed mosques, beautiful gardens, and magnificent mansions of members and nobles of the royal court. Though this part of Delhi has become extremely crowded yet it symbolizes the heart of Delhi.
The Mughals built many palaces and forts in Delhi. The wall city was built by Shah Jahan in between 1638 to 1649, including the Chandni Chowk and the Lal Qila. The original cantonment of Delhi was at Daryaganj which later shifted to Ridge area. Old Delhi had the first wholesale market and the first hardware market was opened in Chawri Bazaar in the year 1840. Then the next wholesale market was opened at Khari Baoli which was of dry fruits, herbs and spices in 1850. Daryaganj also had a Phool Mandi (Flower Market), established in 1869. Though the area is small and densely populated it holds much importance.
The capital of India was shifted to Calcutta post 1857 revolt and after the fall of the Mughal Empire. It remained the capital until 1911. So, Lutyens' Delhi was developed after the change was declared. It was developed in New Delhi located south-west of Shahjahanabad. Therefore, the Old Delhi was named so and New Delhi was considered as the seat of national government then. In the year 1931, it was officially inaugurated. Some people moved out of the walled city by 1930s as it became congested and areas around the city were getting developed.
The remarkable Indian Capital was architecturally designed by the British architect Edwin Lutyens and was named after him. It has a pleasant contrast to the twisted streets of Old Delhi. Enriched with history and culture, the impressive avenues and imperial buildings of New Delhi are included in the list of attractions. Humayun's Tomb, Gandhi Ji's Delhi home, the site where he was assassinated are all located in New Delhi that draws a large number of tourists every year. Akshardham Temple, India Gate and Gurudwara Bangla Sahib are some of the major attractions of New Delhi.
Delhi is well connected with the neighboring regions and other major cities of India through all modes of transport such as airways, railways and roadways. The traffic of New Delhi remains busy and chaotic because of increased population and vehicles. One needs to negotiate on fare for taxis and autos while hiring to travel within the city. One can also opt for the safest, convenient and quickest mode of transport - the Metro Rail to travel across the city and to its nearby regions.
Various shopping malls and local markets are there for the locals and the visitors, providing them a wide option to shop in the city. Other options of entertainment are also available in the city such as discs, cafes, cinema halls. Wide options for eating out in the city are there as the capital city houses numerous eating outlets and restaurants serving relishing and traditional cuisines.